Just like phosphate rock, phosphoric acid is predominantly consumed where it is produced, with global exports in 2015 amounting to 7,6 mln MT, i.e., only 9% of global production. In fact, in the last 10 years, notwithstanding the increase in phosphoric acid production, the volumes of phosphoric acid exports have steadily dropped from 9 mln MT. This also resulted in their drop when exports are expressed as share of global production – from 15% in 2005 to 9% in 2015.
The only two major exporters of phosphoric acid are Morocco (4 mln MT) and Jordan (less than 1 mln MT), with other countries (the United States, China, Senegal, Tunisia, and Israel) exporting much smaller quantities.
The two largest importers of phosphoric acid in the world are India (3 mln MT) and the European Union (1,5 mln MT). Other, but smaller, importing countries include Pakistan, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Brazil, Mexico, Indonesia, Bangladesh, and Thailand.